Top 10 Companies Shaping the Brain-Computer Interface Landscape: Invasive vs Non-Invasive BCI Technology

by Irina Bilous          Biopharma insight

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The brain-computer interface (BCI) technology domain is constantly progressing as researchers and companies collaborate to devise inventive solutions that connect the human brain with external devices. This expanding sector, driven by the need for better communication, rehabilitation, and augmented cognitive capabilities, has given rise to both invasive and non-invasive BCI techniques. In this article, we will delve into the current status of brain-computer interface technology, explore the distinctions between invasive and non-invasive BCIs, and consider the potential consequences for the future development of this rapidly changing field.

 

Invasive BCI: Pioneering New Frontiers

Invasive brain-computer interfaces necessitate the surgical insertion of electrodes into the brain, offering the possibility of capturing high-resolution neural signals. This approach allows for more accurate communication between the brain and external devices. 

Pioneering companies such as Neuralink and Blackrock Microsystems are leading this advancement by concentrating on the development of implantable devices for a variety of applications, including neuroprosthetics and the treatment of neurological disorders.

Despite the potential benefits, invasive BCI technology faces challenges, such as the risk of infection and the complexity of surgical implantation. Furthermore, the long-term stability and biocompatibility of these devices remain crucial concerns that researchers must address before widespread adoption.

 

Non-Invasive BCI: Unlocking New Possibilities

In contrast, non-invasive brain-computer interfaces do not require direct contact with the brain, utilizing external sensors to detect neural signals. Electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) are two popular non-invasive techniques used by companies like Emotiv, Neurable, and Kernel.

Non-invasive BCIs offer several advantages over their invasive counterparts, including lower risk, ease of use, and reduced cost. However, the primary drawback is the lower signal resolution, which can result in less accurate communication between the brain and the interface.

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Topics: Emerging Technologies   

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