AI Drug Discovery: Unleashing the Potential of Big Data and Machine Learning

by Andrii Buvailo, PhD          Biopharma insight / White Papers And Industry Reports

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The terms “big data”, “machine learning”, and “artificial intelligence” have been trending in the AI drug discovery space for several years, both in mainstream media and academic press. These new technologies are believed to make drug discovery cheaper, faster, and more productive, while also promising to enable personalized medicine approaches (e.g., advanced biomarkers, improved patient stratification, etc). But how is AI used in drug discovery, and what is the driving force behind this technological transformation?

First, let’s briefly review some of the basic concepts in the heart of new technologies.

Image credit: gorodenkoff , iStock


Big Data: Volume, Velocity, and Variety in AI Drug Discovery

The term "big data" by itself is more of a marketing nature. It describes an abstract concept of having large volumes of data obtained from various channels in multiple formats, which needs to be arranged in such a way that it can be possible to quickly access, search, update, and analyze it to output useful information.

Today, "big data" is a central strategic concept in most industries, including AI drug discovery, mainly because of the exponential rate of data generation globally — nearly 90% of all data currently available on Earth has been created in the last two years. The computing power required to quickly process huge volumes and varieties of data cannot be achieved via traditional data management architectures using a single server or a server cluster.

Machine Learning: Teaching Computers to Learn in AI Drug Discovery

Machine Learning algorithms are computer programs that teach computers how to adjust themselves so that a human does not need to explicitly describe how to perform the task to be achieved by the computer. The information that a Machine Learning algorithm needs in order to adjust its own program to solve a particular task is a set of known examples.

One of the revolutionary things about machine learning is that it allows computers to learn to perform complex tasks, which are hard or even impossible for humans to describe in "if-then" logic, and instruct. This is called supervised machine learning; it is when the program needs some labeled example data to learn. There are other learning techniques, which do not require a training dataset, for example, learning by “trial and error” — unsupervised machine learning.

Harnessing AI for Drug Discovery: A Synergistic Approach

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  • J.F.N. Burnside 2021-03-02 00:46

    Not magic. Disturbing that this word would be associated with a scientific article. Dumbs down the science and is insulting to anyone that has formal education in the life sciences.

    Kind of reminds me of Justice Clarence Thomas when stated that he couldn't understand how automatic dishwashers work and that it must be "magic". Not magic- it's science.

  • sandipan mukherjee 2021-06-02 10:11

    yes you are right...Ksolves delivers a plethora of services which are customized to meet the requirements of individual organizations. We aim to provide start-to-finish assistance to extend our support in every high and lows of your business. With that thought in our mind, we’ve designed our Big Data services.

  • khaled 2022-03-15 12:00

    Last time I hired Data Analytics he made infrastructure of data security for my business using different methods I really don't remember names but I was not satisfied with his work or maybe the logics he made didn't provide me what I wanted.

    Do you have suggestion related best data security method for small business online data?



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